How to change a car tyre

A number of things can go wrong when behind the wheel. For a fleet driver spending many hours on the road, one of these is a flat tyre.

Many unsealed or bumpy Australian roads can quickly cause tyre degradation, which makes the chances of damaging a tyre all the more likely.

Fleet managers will not want their drivers to be stranded and the work day ruined, so knowing how to change a tyre can be a useful skill - especially in an emergency.

Here is a quick guide for fleet drivers on how to change a car tyre:

1. Ensure you have a spare

First things first, it is up to the fleet manager to ensure each vehicle has a spare tyre. What's more, it needs to be in good condition, so include the spare in any regular fleet maintenance checks.

2. Pop off the hub cap

If applicable, most should clip off with a bit of a pull. You'll need it for your replacement wheel. If your car has alloy wheels, you can skip this step.

3. Jack it up

Make sure the handbrake is on to stop the vehicle from rolling. Use a jack to lift the point directly next to the wheel you want to change, ensuring the tyre you need to change is slightly off the ground. Use the jack points under the car, not the bodywork itself, and make sure to use any support stands you may have.

4. Loosen the lugs

Use a wrench to remove the lug nuts. Remember, turning counter-clockwise loosens the bolts, and clockwise tightens them. An easy way to remember this is righty tighty, lefty loosey.

5. Remove the flat tyre

Placing the tyre you are changing underneath the car is good practice as an extra precaution in case the vehicle falls.

6. Fit your spare

Make sure your steering is aligned and fit your spare tyre.

7. Refit lug nuts

Place the lug nuts on by hand until they are threaded on, then tighten them with a wrench in a star shape to ensure the wheel sits flush.

8. Lower your car

Wind down your car using the jack. Be careful not to leave anything trapped underneath.

9. Check and pack away

Once the car is lowered, use the new stability of the car as an opportunity to really tighten those lug nuts. Give them one last check and pack away your tools and flat tyre.

Bonus point

It's important for a driver to let their fleet manager know if they suffer a flat. This means they can plan to work around the disruption and make sure you get back safe and sound.

As a manager, make sure your drivers know they can contact you for on the phone assistance and safety advice.